What is Employment and Support Allowance?

Definition of Employment and Support Allowance

Employment and Support Allowance (ESA) is a weekly benefit payment for people with a health condition or disability that affects how much they can work.

Employment and Support Allowance is available to workers with both short and long-term health conditions, providing that they:

The above criteria may change depending on which of type of ESA a claimant applies for:

Our guide to sick pay for self-employed business owners has more information on how to claim ESA and how much financial support you could receive.

Employment and Support Allowance during the coronavirus crisis

In response to the coronavirus crisis, the government has temporarily altered the rules for claiming ESA. Find out more in our guide to claiming sick pay during the coronavirus crisis.

Got questions?

Bookkeeping and tax tips

Are you an accountant or bookkeeper?

Find out more about FreeAgent for your practice.