What is a P87?

Definition of a P87

A P87 is a form that employees can use to claim Income Tax relief on money they spend on work expenses (sometimes referred to as ‘out-of-pocket expenses’). These expenses may include items such as professional subscriptions, work uniform, tools and business travel.

The P87 is available as a paper form but employees can also use an online equivalent on the HMRC website to claim tax relief on work-related expenses.

Who can use a P87 form?

You can use a P87 form to claim tax relief if you’re an employee of a business and the total value of expenses you’re claiming for is less than £2,500 for the tax year.

You may be able to claim tax relief for a variety of expenses, including:

If your employer has fully reimbursed you for your expenses, you can’t claim tax relief for them. If your employer has not reimbursed you for your expenses, you can claim tax relief by doing one of the following:

  • posting a completed paper P87 form to HMRC
  • phoning HMRC (if you’ve previously claimed expenses for a different year)
  • making a claim online using your Government Gateway user ID

Can self-employed people use a P87 form?

Self-employed people (i.e. sole traders and partners in a partnership) are not employees of a business and so cannot use a P87 form to claim tax relief. These taxpayers should instead claim for business expenses on their Self Assessment tax return.

Limited company directors are employed by the company they own and can use a P87 to claim tax relief.

More information about how to claim tax relief for employee expenses is available on the HMRC website.

Got questions?

Bookkeeping and tax tips

We are committed to keeping your information safe. Read our Privacy Policy to find out more.

Related Definitions

Are you an accountant or bookkeeper?

Find out more about FreeAgent for your practice.