Getting the VAT details right on your invoices
If your business is registered for VAT, there is a lot of information that you need to make sure you include on your invoices. HMRC give some details about these VAT requirements on their website, but there are also some key invoicing points that you might not have thought of.
In the second blog post of her invoicing series, our Chief Accountant Emily Coltman explains what to look out for when including VAT information on your invoices and gives some tips to help you get them in order:
Charge the right rate of VAT
The rate of VAT you charge on your goods and services might be 20%, 5% or 0%, or they might be exempt from VAT altogether or even outside the scope of UK VAT.
Remember that this varies with the type of goods or services you sell, not with whether the customer is registered for VAT or not, unless you’re selling to customers outside the UK.
The flat rate scheme doesn’t change your invoices
You still have to charge the same VAT to your customers whether or not you are using the flat rate scheme. Don’t be confused into thinking that if you are on the flat rate scheme you charge a different amount to your customers - because you don’t. What is different on this scheme is how much VAT you will pay over to HMRC.
Include your correct VAT number
You must put your business’s VAT number on the invoices you send out to customers, otherwise the invoices will not be valid VAT invoices, and your customers won’t be able to reclaim VAT on them. This will not only be bad news for their cash flow but could damage your relationship with them.
Don’t re-use invoice numbers
HMRC say that invoices must be numbered sequentially and that each invoice must have a unique reference number. So if you cancel or write off a VAT invoice, don’t re-use its number, because the cancelled or written-off invoice must remain in your records for HMRC to see in the event of a VAT inspection.
Date the invoice correctly
A transaction takes place for VAT purposes at its tax point. This is usually the date of the invoice, but a tax point may be created if, for example, you send out goods before the date of the invoice, or you take payment in advance.
The tax point is important because that’s when you have to put the transaction on the VAT return.
The easiest way to make sure your transactions are appearing in your VAT returns at the correct point is to date the invoice the same date as the tax point.
Just remember to be sure that your VAT invoices comply with all HMRC’s rules and that you are charging the right amount of VAT!
- Video: self-employed business expenses by HMRC
- Finance Bill 2017-19: Making Tax Digital back on the agenda
- A little goes a long way: pension prep for freelancers
- 4 ways to keep your business ticking over while you travel
- Business on the beach: five holiday reads for freelancers