What is solvency ratio?

Definition of solvency ratio

The solvency ratio measures a company’s ability to pay its debts. This is similar to the liquidity ratio, but it indicates whether cash flow is sufficient to meet long-term debt, rather than short-term.

How to calculate the solvency ratio

The solvency ratio is:

(Net after-tax income + non-cash expenses) / (short-term liabilities + long-term liabilities)

The lower a company's solvency ratio, the greater the probability that it will default on its debt obligations. Solvency ratios vary from industry to industry, but a ratio higher than 20% is generally considered to be financially healthy.

The solvency ratio is commonly used by prospective lenders when evaluating a business.

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